There are several common knee ailments, most of these ailments can benefit from kneeVitality injections:
- Arthritis of the knee - including rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, and gout, or other connective tissue disorders like lupus. Arthritis of the knee
- Bursitis - inflammation from repeated pressure on the knee these can occur from prolonged kneeling.
- Knee Tendinitis - if you have a pain in the front of your knee and it worsens when raising or lowering your leg, e.g. going up and down stairs or inclines then you may have tendinitis. This is common for runners, skiers, bike riders, and any other activity that requires a consistent up and down motion of the leg.
- Baker's cyst - a baker's cyst is a fluid-filled swelling behind the knee that may accompany inflammation from other causes, like arthritis. If the cyst ruptures, pain in the back of your knee can travel down your calf. A baker's cyst can have some of the same symptoms of a blood clot in the lower leg so it is important to have the condition checked out immediately.
- Torn or ruptured ligaments or torn cartilage (a meniscus tear) -- can cause severe pain and instability of the knee joint.
- Strains or sprains - minor injuries to the ligaments caused by sudden or unnatural twisting.
- Dislocation of a kneecap. More information
- Infection in the knee joint.
- Knee injuries - can cause bleeding into your knee, which worsens the pain.
- Hip disorders - may cause pains that run down to the knee or result in an imbalance which results in a subsequent knee condition.
- Bone tumors
- Osgood Schlatter disease
Many causes of knee pain, especially those related to overuse or physical activity, respond well to self-care:
- Rest and avoid activities that aggravate the pain, especially weight bearing activities.
- Apply ice. First, apply it every hour for up to 15 minutes. After the first day, apply it at least 4 times per day.
- Keep your knee elevated as much as possible to bring any swelling down.
- Gently compress the knee by wearing an ace bandage or elastic sleeve. Either can be purchased at most pharmacies. This may reduce swelling and provide support.
- Take acetaminophen for pain or ibuprofen for pain and swelling.
- Sleep with a pillow underneath or between your knees.
- You unable to bear any weight on the injured knee.
- You experience severe pain, even when the knee is not bearing any weight.
- If you here any buckling or clicking in your knee.
- There is a noticeable deformity in the shape of the knee.
- If there is any redness or warmth around the knee and or you have a fever. This could be the sign of an infection.
- There is pain, numbness, swelling, or any discoloration below the knee.
- You still have pain after 3 days of home treatment.
- When did your knee first begin to hurt?
- Have you had knee pain before? What was the cause?
- How long has this episode of knee pain lasted?
- Do you feel the pain continuously or off and on?
- Are both knees affected?
- Is the pain in your entire knee or one specific location like the kneecap, outer or inner edge, or below the knee?
- Would you say that the pain is severe?
- Does it feel bruised?
- Can you stand or walk?
- Have you had an injury or accident involving the knee?
- Have you overused the leg? Describe your usual activities and exercise routine.
- What home treatments have you tried? Have they helped?
- Do you have other symptoms, like pain in your hip, pain down your leg or calf, knee swelling, swelling in your calf or leg, fever?
- The draining of fluid from the knee
- X-ray of the knee
- MRI of the knee if a ligament or meniscus tear is suspected.
The doctor's Referrals to a physical therapist (to learn stretching and strengthening exercises) and podiatrist (to be fitted for orthotics) may be necessary. These help prevent repeated problems.
In some cases, surgery is needed. For example, if arthritis is severe, a joint replacement may be recommended. Minor ligament strain will heal with home care and torn ligaments may recover with use of a knee brace. However, for significant tears or ruptures, as well as a torn meniscus, arthroscopic knee surgery is often needed.
Recovery from ligament and meniscus problems is slow. Crutches and extended physical therapy may be needed.
- Increase your activity level slowly over time. For example, when you begin exercising again, walk rather than run.
- Always warm up before exercising and cool down afterward. Stretch your quadriceps and hamstrings.
- Replace your sports shoes often. Get good advice about proper footwear for your foot shape and mechanics. For example, if you pronate (land on the outside of your heel and turn your foot inward), consider anti-pronation footwear.