Knee injuries can be severe including ligament tears (we all hear about professional athletes tearing an ACL) or minor. If you are into sports or other active (impact based) activities then your knee's injured at some point, maybe only a minor injury but they will sustain an injury. Injuries and damage can affect the ligaments, cartilage, menisci and bones that together and form the joints. Your knees withstand the worst of your body's weight.
Trauma can cause injury to the inner ligaments. Often ligament damage occurs in the inner part of the knee. In some of the serious cases where patients suffer severe injuries the pain is felt deep with a popping sensation that goes on with the initial trauma. One of the best ways to identify a ligament injury is by the feeling of severe pain accompanied by the swelling in the knee area.
The severity of the injury can vary from a bit of stretching or tearing of the ligament fibers to a more severe injury. Among other methods, ligament injuries are treated with ice packs and immobilization, along with rest and elevation. Typically followed by surgery. Patients are advised not to carry weights and their physical movement and weight bearing activities are limited. It is suggested that patients should indulge in minimal movement.
Surgical options for ligament repair are also quite prevalent. One of the most common forms of knee surgery is arthroscopic surgery. The decision to perform the kind of surgery rests solely with the surgeon and patient. Surgical relief for ligament tears is now quite successful.
The meniscus is an important component of your knee unfortunately; it is also prone to damage. A typical meniscus tear occurs during sharp and rapid motions. This is especially common in sporting enthusiasts or sportsperson, athletes etc. People who become aged suffer from degeneration of the underlying cartilage. More than one tear can be present in an individual meniscus. This tearing off of the meniscus brings a popping sensation in your knee. Patients may also find your knee swollen and warm. A complaint of an unstable sensation in the knee joint is also heard.
A doctor usually identifies meniscal tears through MRI scans.
Knee tendonitis is found to be in the front of the knee and just below the kneecap at the patellar tendon. The back of the knee at the popliteal tendon is also the area that patients complain with pain and swelling. Tendonitis is just the inflammation of the tendon that occurs as a result of any strenuous event such as jumping.
Tendonitis can be eased through proper treatments by your orthopedist. These special exercises comprise certain movements that will make the tissues surrounding the tendons rehabilitate for the better purpose. While in some cases, a rupture of the tendon below or above the kneecap can cause bleeding within the knee joints. Surgical repair for a ruptured tendon is often suggested.
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